Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: Buyout


Quick Summary of Buyout

The purchase of a controlling share in a company.

What is the dictionary definition of Buyout?

Dictionary Definition

finance The acquisition of a controlling interest in a business or corporation by outright purchase or by purchase of a majority of issued shares of stock.

Full Definition of Buyout

A buyout is a transaction in which one party acquires shares in another business in order to gain control of that business. A buyout occurs when the purchaser believes a business is undervalued and can be enhanced through the purchaser’s ownership. Buyouts are frequently used to refer to private equity firms acquiring a controlling stake in a business rather than simply providing growth capital to the existing ownership group.

As with any investment, buyouts occur when an acquirer sees an opportunity to earn a reasonable return on their capital. The acquirer selects the target firm if they believe it is undervalued and believes that the organisation can improve financially and operationally under the purchaser’s leadership and control.

In the middle market, there is various terminology that describes different types of buyouts, depending on the buyer or the capital structure employed. These include the following:

  • Private equity buyout;
  • Management buyout;
  • Leveraged buyout;
  • Institutional buyout; and
  • Buyout fund.

Related Phrases

Platform Company
Tuck-In Acquisition
Leveraged Buyout
Management Buyout
Buy-In Management Buyout
Institutional Buyout
Leveraged Buyout Analysis
Leveraged Buyout Valuation Method

Buyout FAQ's

What Is A Buyout?

A buyout is an investment transaction in which a company or a controlling interest in the company’s shares, is purchased. A leveraged buyout (LBO) is a form of a buyout using borrowed money to purchase a company’s shares, with the company’s assets used as security for the loan. A financial sponsor executes a leveraged buyout to gain control of a majority of a company’s shares using debt, to avoid committing a large amount of capital. A management buyout (MBO) is a form of a buyout where management of a company purchases a controlling interest in the company from existing shareholders and takes the company private. By gaining ownership through a buyout, management has the control needed to grow the business. An employee buyout is the purchase of a majority interest in a company by the company’s employees, often through an ESOP structure. A buyout may also be a transaction in which employees of a company are offered financial incentive to take early retirement. For example, a distressed company may offer to buyout a significant number of its hourly workers to accelerate plans to cut costs by reducing its workforce.

Cite Term

To help you cite our definitions in your bibliography, here is the proper citation layout for the three major formatting styles, with all of the relevant information filled in.

Page URL
Modern Language Association (MLA):
Buyout. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd.
August 08, 2022
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
Buyout. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. (accessed: August 08, 2022).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Buyout. Retrieved August 08, 2022
, from website:

Definition Sources

Definitions for Buyout are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 26th January, 2022 | 0 Views.