Define: Working Capital

UK Accounting Glossary

Definition: Working Capital

Quick Summary of Working Capital

Finance provided to support the short-term assets of the business (stocks and debtors) to the extent that these are not financed by short-term creditors. It is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities.

What is the dictionary definition of Working Capital?

Dictionary Definition


Working capital (also known as net working capital) is the capital used to finance the day-to-day operations of a company.

It’s included in the balance sheet and is calculated as the difference between current assets and current liabilities.

Working Capital = Current Assets – Current Liabilities


Full Definition of Working Capital

The part of the capital of a business that is not tied up in land, buildings or fixed equipment.

Working capital is the excess of current assets less current liabilities.

The figure represents the amount of resources the business has in a form that is readily convertible into cash.

Working Capital is used to hold liquid balances, pay for wages and materials, and to extend credit to consumers.


Working Capital FAQ's

How do you calculate working capital?

The net working capital formula is calculated by subtracting the current liabilities from the current assets.

Typical current assets that are included in the net working capital calculation are cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and short-term investments.

What is the difference between gross working capital and net working capital?

The gross working capital refers to the assets or the company’s total financial resources.

Whereas, a company’s net working capital is it’s total resources minus it’s financial liabilities.

Cite Term

To help you cite our definitions in your bibliography, here is the proper citation layout for the three major formatting styles, with all of the relevant information filled in.

Page URL
Modern Language Association (MLA):
Working Capital. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. November 21, 2019
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
Working Capital. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. (accessed: November 21, 2019).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Working Capital. Retrieved November 21, 2019, from website:

Definition Sources

Definitions for Working Capital are sourced/syndicated from:

This glossary post was last updated: 23rd December 2018.