Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: Virement

Quick Summary of Virement

Virement is the process of moving money from one financial account or part of a budget (a plan for how the money will be spent) to a different one. For example, within the Government where one department underspends and another department needs more funding, the funds can be procured through virement.

What is the dictionary definition of Virement?

Dictionary Definition




the process of transferring items from one financial account to another.

The transfer of a surplus from one account to cover a deficit in another.

virement in British. an administrative transfer of funds from one part of a budget to another.

Full Definition of Virement

In some budgetary control systems, Virement is an agreed practice in which funds may be transferred from one segment of the budget to another within a financial year.

For example, a projected surplus in one budget may be used to cover another budgets deficit.

Example: The budget for road maintenance has been underspent for the financial year 2018-2019 and so they have decided to support the building of a new hospital through virement.

Examples of Virement in a sentence

According to the governor, it was not covered in the budget for road maintenance and was instead received through virement.
The virement of unspent environmental funds to the World Heritage Site road-building project was something not seen before in this country.
The council are able to use virement to transfer funds from one department to another.
The level of virement that is permitted, without requiring further prior approval from the secretariat, is to be specified fully within the conditions of the grant.
The proposed virement and preservation of the Planning Delivery Grant is to be managed in such a way as to ensure that the Department does not exceed its overall budget allocation.
The position is monitored regularly by the central finance committee, which will adjust any imbalance by virement and/or by means of a supplementary estimate.

Cite Term

To help you cite our definitions in your bibliography, here is the proper citation layout for the three major formatting styles, with all of the relevant information filled in.

Page URL
Modern Language Association (MLA):
Virement. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. July 13, 2020
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
Virement. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. (accessed: July 13, 2020).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Virement. Retrieved July 13, 2020, from website:

Definition Sources

Definitions for Virement are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 2nd February, 2020 | 4,773 Views.