Define: Underlying

Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: Underlying


Quick Summary of Underlying


The asset, measure or obligation on which a derivative, such as an option or futures contract, is based.



What is the dictionary definition of Underlying?

Dictionary Definition


The asset, measure or obligation on which a derivative, such as an option or futures contract, is based.


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Full Definition of Underlying


The term underlying generally refers to the asset that a derivative contract is written upon. However, it is not required that the underlying be an asset; in fact, an underlying can be a group of assets, an interest rate, a commodity, a share of stock, or even another derivative. In an options exchange, the underlying refers to the security that may be bought or sold at the contract price. Likewise, on a futures exchange, the underlying is the asset that must be bought or sold at the agreed-upon price. In this manner, the value of the underlying at execution determines the gains or losses that are realized from possessing the derivative at that point in time. The price of many derivative contracts can then be determined by looking at the current price and implied volatility of the underlying along with the risk-free rate, time to maturity, and strike price of the option.

In finance, the underlying of a derivative is an asset, basket of assets, index, or even another derivative, such that the cash flows of the (former) derivative depend on the value of this underlying.


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Underlying. PayrollHeaven.com. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. April 07, 2020 https://payrollheaven.com/define/underlying/.
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Underlying. PayrollHeaven.com. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. https://payrollheaven.com/define/underlying/ (accessed: April 07, 2020).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Underlying. PayrollHeaven.com. Retrieved April 07, 2020, from PayrollHeaven.com website: https://payrollheaven.com/define/underlying/

Definition Sources


Definitions for Underlying are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 5th February, 2020