Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary
Qualified Institutional Buyer (or QIB) is a legal designation assigned to a purchaser of securities who meets a certain minimum level of sophistication, size and market savvy with respect to complicated or risky securities.
The United States Securities and Exchange Commission defined the QIB designation in Rule 144a of the Securities Act of 1933. Rule 144a defines a QIB as a firm meeting a minimum threshold of $100M in discretionary securities investments. As well a firm with the QIB designation must operate as a qualifying business type such as an insurance company, pension plan, investment firm, investment advisory, etc. QIB investors are eligible to access certain capital raising deals that are marketed to rule 144a customers only. Securities regulators in other countries have variations of the QIB status, however, SEC rule 144a is very characteristic of the global QIB standard.
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This glossary post was last updated: 9th February, 2020