Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: GDP

What is the dictionary definition of GDP?

Dictionary Definition

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a specific time period.

Full Definition of GDP

In economics, GDP means Gross Domestic Product.

GDP is defined as the value of all goods and services produced within the geographic territory of an economy in a given interval, such as a year.

GDP is distinguished from GNP, or Gross National Product, which is defined as the value of goods and services produced in a given interval by factors of production owned within an economy. More simply, GDP measures income generated within a territory whereas GNP measures income received within it. GDP and GNP are the most commonly known measures of national income and output. Nominal GDP is a measure of money spent. Real GDP corrects the gross nominal GDP figure for inflation, making real GDP more useful for historical comparison. Nominal GDP is sometimes called money GDP, and real GDP is sometimes called inflation-corrected GDP or constant price GDP. A well-known textbook formula defines GDP as the sum of consumer expenditure, business investment, government expenditure, and net exports. US GDP statistics are compiled and released quarterly by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Economic Analysis.

There are two ways to calculate GDP: the output approach and the income approach. The output, or expenditures, approach consists of adding together personal consumption expenditures, investment expenditures by businesses, government purchases of goods and services, and expenditures by foreigners. The income approach adds together wages, rents, interest, profits, and statistical adjustments.

So, putting the output approach into a mathematical equation looks likes this:

GDP = C + I + G + X, where C is personal consumption, I is business investment, G is government investment, and X is net exports.

The income approach would like this:

GDP = employee compensation + rents + interest + corporate profits + dividends + retained corporate earnings.

Cite Term

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Page URL
Modern Language Association (MLA):
GDP. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. September 27, 2021
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
GDP. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. (accessed: September 27, 2021).
American Psychological Association (APA):
GDP. Retrieved September 27, 2021, from website:

Definition Sources

Definitions for GDP are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 6th August, 2021 | 4 Views.