UK Accounting Glossary
The amount of money expended to obtain title to property, usually relating to fixed assets.
Acquisition cost is the pretax amount of money it costs to gain title to any property. Acquisition cost usually applies to fixed assets. The acquisition cost accounting amount is always calculated at the amount after all discounts, closing costs, transfer costs, and other adjustments are made. Used in accounting, the acquisition cost is also a term applied to IRA withdrawals for any tax penalty-free amount applied to buy a first home. The acquisition cost of a first home would, then, be the post-closing cost including any repairs. Acquisition cost adjustments also include financing costs, so the IRA-eligible withdrawal amounts could include some of the mortgage fees required to close. The acquisition cost of a computer purchased for business use is a common question for IRS expense rules: “The entire acquisition cost of a computer purchased for business use can be expensed under Code section 179 in the first year if qualified, or depreciated over a 5-year recovery period.” Acquisition cost is a required accounting line item and calculation for any MACRS expenses deducted. Acquisition cost often appears in summaries of a company’s cost to acquire customers. The acquisition cost of a customer is really a sales expense in a customer acquisition context.
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This glossary post was last updated: 4th February 2020.