Define: Accounting Equation

UK Accounting Glossary

Definition: Accounting Equation


Quick Summary of Accounting Equation


The relationship between assets, liabilities and ownership interest.



What is the dictionary definition of Accounting Equation?

Dictionary Definition


Also known as the balance-sheet equation, The accounting equation is the underlying formula of a balance sheet.

It is expressed as: assets = liabilities + capital.

An increase (or decrease) in the total assets of a concern needs to be accompanied by an equal movement in the liabilities and capital in order to ensure that they always balance.

Hence, the balance in balance sheet.

This formula expresses an entity view of a business, whereas an proprietary view deducts liabilities from assets to calculate an owners’ stake in a business.


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This glossary post was last updated: 23rd December 2018.