Limited Jurisdiction

Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: Limited Jurisdiction



What is the dictionary definition of Limited Jurisdiction?

Dictionary Definition


n. courts’ authority over certain types of cases such as bankruptcy, claims against the government, probate, family matters, immigration and customs or limitations on courts’ authority to try cases involving maximum amounts of money or value.


Full Definition of Limited Jurisdiction


Limited jurisdiction determines what courts have authority over certain cases. For example, cases involving bankruptcy, probate and family law are heard only by certain courts with proper jurisdiction over those cases. In the United States, most courts have limited jurisdiction to hear certain cases, set precedent or establish case law.

Federal courts such as the Supreme Court, Federal District Courts, Federal Appellate Courts, and Federal Bankruptcy Courts, also have jurisdiction over certain issues which have been delegated to them by the United States’ Constitution.

State courts are also courts of limited jurisdiction, and they cannot decide a case if exclusive power is vested in the Federal Government. For example, state courts do not preside over bankruptcy cases or decide an issue which is constitutional in nature. Common state courts include courts which hear cases for divorce, child custody and small claims.


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Limited Jurisdiction. PayrollHeaven.com. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. January 27, 2021 https://payrollheaven.com/define/limited-jurisdiction/.
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
Limited Jurisdiction. PayrollHeaven.com. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. https://payrollheaven.com/define/limited-jurisdiction/ (accessed: January 27, 2021).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Limited Jurisdiction. PayrollHeaven.com. Retrieved January 27, 2021, from PayrollHeaven.com website: https://payrollheaven.com/define/limited-jurisdiction/

Definition Sources


Definitions for Limited Jurisdiction are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 28th April, 2020 | 17 Views.