Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary
n. a special court or department of a trial court which deals with under-age defendants charged with crimes or who are neglected or out of the control of their parents. The normal age of these defendants is under 18, but juvenile court does not have jurisdiction in cases in which minors are charged as adults. The procedure in juvenile court is not always adversarial (although the minor is entitled to legal representation by a lawyer). It can be an attempt to involve parents or social workers and probation officers in the process to achieve positive results and save the minor from involvement in future crimes. However, serious crimes and repeated offenses can result in sentencing juvenile offenders to prison, with transfer to state prison upon reaching adulthood with limited maximum sentences. Where parental neglect or loss of control is a problem, the juvenile court may seek out foster homes for the juvenile, treating the child as a ward of the court.
A court dedicated to hearing cases involving people of less than 17 years of age. As far as possible, juvenile courts are kept entirely separate from adult courts, and their proceedings are not open to the public. Magistrates’ panels in the juvenile court must contain at least one man and one woman, and all must be below 65 years of age.
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This glossary post was last updated: 28th April, 2020 | 0 Views.