Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary
n. the crime of a driver of a vehicle who is involved in a collision with another vehicle, property or human being, who knowingly fails to stop to give his/her name, license number and other information as required by statute to the injured party, a witness or law enforcement officers. If there is only property damage and no other person is present, leaving the information attached to the damaged property may be sufficient, provided the person causing the accident makes a report to the police. Hit and run statutes vary from state to state. It is not a violation of the constitutional protection against self-incrimination to be required to stop and give this information since it is a report and not an admission of guilt. Some hit and run cases are difficult to determine, such as the driver leaves the accident scene to go a block to his/her house or the neighborhood repair garage, and then walks back to the scene.
A hit and run is an accident where a vehicle collides with another vehicle, object or person and leaves the scene of the accident without providing the information to the injured party or giving adequate identification. A hit and run is a felony if the driver causes injury. If not, it is considered a misdemeanour. There are many reasons a driver may flee the scene of an accident. For example, if they are uninsured, they broke the law, they are intoxicated or they were texting and driving.
You may file a personal injury claim against a driver in a hit in run accident, in most states, if they are identified and their negligent actions cause injury or loss. If they are not identified, you may be able to receive compensation from your own insurance company.
Consider, however, many states who have implemented no-fault car accident insurance do not allow personal injury car accident claims to be filed against any driver unless the severity of the injuries or the cost for the injuries reaches a specific threshold. Because state laws vary so much it is important to talk to a car accident lawyer if you have been injured in a hit and run.
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This glossary post was last updated: 28th April, 2020 | 4 Views.