UK Accounting Glossary
The process of removing constraints, especially government-imposed economic regulation.
Deregulation is an act by which the government regulation of a particular industry is reduced or eliminated in order to create and foster a more efficient marketplace. Deregulation is usually enacted to weaken government influence and forge greater competition. By this token, deregulation also creates an economic environment favourable to upstart companies that were unable to enter the industry prior to the passing of deregulation. It is also widely held that deregulation often serves as a catalyst for increased innovation and mergers among weaker competitors. Deregulation is often driven by lobbyists and lobbying groups that represent various industries and business interests. Industries that have undergone deregulation include communications, banking, securities, transportation, as well as power and utility. Although deregulation might purge government influence altogether, some government oversight usually remains.
Some say the airline industry has not been profitable since Ronald Reagan began deregulation.
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This glossary post was last updated: 9th February 2020.