Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: Allegation


Quick Summary of Allegation

(law) a formal accusation against somebody (often in a court of law)

What is the dictionary definition of Allegation?

Dictionary Definition

n. a statement of claimed fact contained in a complaint (a written pleading filed to begin a lawsuit), a criminal charge, or an affirmative defence (part of the written answer to a complaint). Until each statement is proved it is only an allegation. Some allegations are made “on information and belief” if the person making the statement is not sure of a fact.

  1. An assertion, especially an accusation, not necessarily based on facts.
  2. The act of alleging.

Full Definition of Allegation

An allegation is an assertion or claim made by one party in a legal proceeding. It is not considered truth but merely a claim by one party which they intend to prove as true. Generally, the party making the allegation has the burden of proof to prove the allegation is true by providing evidence. The defense provides evidence that the allegation is not true. Both parties may provide witnesses to support their case.

If the allegations in a plaintiff’s complaint are insufficient to establish that the person’s legal rights have been violated, the defendant can make a motion to the court to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a cause of action. If the allegations in the defendant’s answer do not contradict the allegations in the complaint, the plaintiff can make a motion for summary judgment.

Allegations are also made outside of court when people are accused of crimes. If allegations are made publically and the reporting is not true and it causes damage to someone’s reputation the injured party may file a lawsuit to attempt to recover damages for their “injury.”

Examples of Allegation in a sentence

She put forth several allegations regarding her partner in hopes of discrediting his actions.

Related Phrases

headline risk

Cite Term

To help you cite our definitions in your bibliography, here is the proper citation layout for the three major formatting styles, with all of the relevant information filled in.

Page URL
Modern Language Association (MLA):
Allegation. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd.
January 26, 2022
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
Allegation. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. (accessed: January 26, 2022).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Allegation. Retrieved January 26, 2022
, from website:

Definition Sources

Definitions for Allegation are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 30th October, 2021 | 4 Views.