Acquittal

Business, Legal & Accounting Glossary

Definition: Acquittal


Quick Summary of Acquittal


A judgment that a person is not guilty of the crime with which the person has been charged.



What is the dictionary definition of Acquittal?

Dictionary Definition


A decision by a judge or jury that a defendant in a criminal case is not guilty of a crime. An acquittal is not a finding of innocence; it is simply a conclusion that the prosecution has not proved its case beyond a reasonable doubt.

  1. The act of fulfilling the duties (of a given role, obligation etc.).
  2. A legal decision that someone is not guilty with which they have been charged, or the formal dismissal of a charge by some other legal process.
  3. Payment of a debt or other obligation; reparations, amends.
  4. The act of releasing someone from debt or other obligation; acquittance.
  5. Avoidance of danger; deliverance.

Full Definition of Acquittal


To be acquited of a crime is to be deemed to be innocent of the charges after a court hearing. This is different from a Discharge, where the case is never heard. In general, a defendant who is acquited can not be tried again for the same offence. If more than one defendant is on trial for the same offence (see: Accomplice), the acquittal of one of them is not admissible as evidence in favour of the others. A conviction, however, is admissible against the other defendants. This is because an acquittal is not `proof’ of innocence, it is merely an indication that the prosecution did not establish a case strong enough for a conviction. In other words, `innocent until proven guilty’ does not mean that `all are innocent until all are proven guilty’.


Examples of Acquittal in a sentence


The judgment that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. In other words, a verdict of “not guilty.”


Cite Term


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Acquittal. PayrollHeaven.com. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. November 25, 2020 https://payrollheaven.com/define/acquittal/.
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS):
Acquittal. PayrollHeaven.com. Payroll & Accounting Heaven Ltd. https://payrollheaven.com/define/acquittal/ (accessed: November 25, 2020).
American Psychological Association (APA):
Acquittal. PayrollHeaven.com. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from PayrollHeaven.com website: https://payrollheaven.com/define/acquittal/

Definition Sources


Definitions for Acquittal are sourced/syndicated and enhanced from:

  • A Dictionary of Economics (Oxford Quick Reference)
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Accounting
  • Oxford Dictionary Of Business & Management

This glossary post was last updated: 22nd April, 2020 | 1 Views.